Scientists are excited about new advances in nuclear fusion energy. This technology was able to produce more energy than ever before in an experiment conducted in the United Kingdom, which indicates a promising step towards the dream of clean and unlimited energy.
Nuclear fusion is the process that powers stars. When applied to energy, it has the potential to produce massive amounts of energy without causing global warming.
How does nuclear fusion energy work?
In simple terms, nuclear fusion energy works by combining heat with small particles to form a heavier atom, thus releasing energy. When applied at commercial levels, this technology can produce unlimited amounts of clean, carbon-free energy. A major advantage of this technology is that its production does not depend on weather conditions, unlike renewable sources such as solar and wind energy. However, replicating this process on Earth is no easy task. “For atoms to fuse on Earth, we need temperatures ten times hotter than the sun – about 100 million degrees Celsius, and we need a high enough density of atoms for a long enough period,” explains Dr Aneeqa Khan, a research fellow in nuclear fusion at Harvard University. . University of Manchester.
Recent developments in nuclear fusion energy
The latest test performed a nuclear fusion process that produced 69 megajoules of energy in five seconds, enough to heat four to five hot tubs. While this progress is still far from being enough to power a nuclear fusion power plant, each successful experiment brings scientists closer to that goal.
The results of this experiment were achieved at the Joint European Torus Laboratory (JET), a laboratory located in Oxford, United Kingdom. Researcher Dr Aneeqa Khan, from the University of Manchester, commented that the JET result “demonstrates the power of international collaboration”.
The future of nuclear fusion energy
Even with these developments, nuclear fusion energy is still far from becoming a commercial reality. The costs and complexities associated with research and development of this technology remain significant barriers. However, with continued progress, there are hopes that nuclear fusion energy will become a viable source of clean energy in the future.
Amid growing concerns about climate change and the need for clean energy sources, these results serve as an encouraging reminder of the continuing progress in renewable energy research and development.
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