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Study suggests pandemic has boosted confidence in media – international

The COVID-19 pandemic has boosted public confidence in the media in general and accelerated the digitization of journalism around the world, according to a Reuters Institute report published on Tuesday (22).

However, Brazilians are among those who care the most about misinformation.

According to the 10th report on digital information, confidence in information has increased by an average of 6 points since the beginning of the epidemic, reaching 44%.

This finding is based on a series of surveys conducted by YouGov in 46 countries (with over 92,000 respondents in total), which represent more than half of the world’s population.

Finland, at 65%, still has the highest confidence index, while in the US, only 29% of its residents say they trust the media. In Brazil, this rate is 54%.

According to Nick Newman, the report’s lead author, two factors linked to the crisis may explain this growth in trust: a greater importance of “factual information” and local media, while leaving “more partisan political information” aside.

“This effect may only be temporary, but in nearly every country we have found that the public prioritizes reliable sources,” Newman adds in the study.

– Increase digital signatures –

This movement has particularly benefited the “powerful and independent” public media in countries such as France, notes the Reuters Institute for Journalism Studies, part of Oxford University.

The study also confirms the serious difficulties facing the written press due to the health crisis or its exacerbation, due to displacement restrictions that reduced newspaper sales and advertising revenues.

This has accelerated the transition to digital subscriptions, particularly in countries where sales of paper newspapers have traditionally been higher, such as Germany, Austria and Switzerland.

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In the 20 countries where newspapers are actively trying to increase their digital sales, 17% of respondents said they paid for online information two points more than in 2020 and five points more than in 2016.

The largest increase in Internet subscriptions was recorded in rich countries, where those for paper cars have historically been higher, such as Norway (45% of participants pay for digital information) and Sweden (30%).

In the US, the rate is 21%, up from 11% in France, 9% in Germany and 8% in the UK.

“Signatures [digitais] They have started working with some publishers, but it won’t work for everyone, and especially for all consumers, “because many are not willing to pay,” warns Rasmus Claes Nielsen, co-author of the report.

– Misinformation –

At the same time, trust in news shared on social media is still very low (24%).

Public concern about misinformation has increased slightly, but varies greatly from country to country: it is as high as 82% in Brazil, while in Germany it is as high as 37%.

Among other findings, the vast majority of respondents (74%) believe that the press should be impartial and 72% believe that it should give equal time to the different parties on political and social issues.

The report also reveals that in many countries, such as the United States, some sectors of the public (young people, ethnic minorities, and some political currents) consider themselves underrepresented in the media.

The study also shows youth dissatisfaction with traditional information sites in favor of social networks, news aggregators and notifications.

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The Reuters Institute highlights that Facebook lost space as a source of information last year, unlike WhatsApp and Instagram (which belong to the same group), TikTok and Telegram.

However, messaging apps like WhatsApp are a concern about misinformation about coronaviruses in much of the global south, including Brazil, Indonesia, India, Nigeria and South Africa.

The news sharing on TikTok, a platform dedicated to entertainment at its origins, has evolved with the coronavirus crisis and the Black Lives Matter movement.

The report highlights that the short video application is also used by young people as a means of mobilization in Peru, Indonesia and Thailand.

Facebook social networking site