It is estimated that about 50% of men over the age of 50 will have some degree of benign prostatic hyperplasia.
“In benign prostatic hyperplasia, the prostate, a gland located below the bladder in men, increases in size due to excessive cell growth. It is more common in men over 50 years of age,” explains Ronnie Fernandes, Vice President of the SBU.
Symptoms include increased frequency of urination during the day, decreased force and density of the urinary stream, difficulty initiating urination, a feeling of urgency to urinate and other symptoms related to the urinary tract.
He adds: “These symptoms occur because the increased size of the prostate can put pressure on the urethra, which is the channel that transports urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. This leads to a partial obstruction of urine flow and causes the symptoms mentioned above.” doctor.
In addition, benign prostatic hyperplasia can also affect bladder and kidney function. Obstruction to urine flow can increase pressure inside the bladder, which may lead to problems being able to completely empty the bladder. This, in turn, can lead to recurring urinary tract infections and other bladder-related problems.
Early recognition of symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia is important so that treatment can begin immediately. There are many treatment options available, including medications to shrink the size of the prostate and relieve symptoms, behavioral therapy to improve urinary control, and, in more severe cases, surgery to remove the part of the prostate that is causing the obstruction.
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