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the United States changes immigration rules at the border with Mexico; understand | world

Migrants cross the Rio Bravo river between Mexico and the United States in Matamoros on May 9, 2023 – Photo: Fernando Llano/Associated Press

US President Joe Biden’s government begins a new chapter on Thursday (11) with the end of “Title 42”, an important immigration regulation in the country.

Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the rule allowed the US government to automatically expel all people who arrived in the country without a visa or the necessary documentation.

Now, however, preventing immigrants from entering the United States would be “more bureaucratic” for officials — and the implications of that measure could be messy.

Understand the key points involved in Heading 42 below:

What does Title 42 say?

The provision made it possible to immediately deny entry to immigrants who arrived on US soil without a visa or the necessary documents. The refusal applied even to asylum seekers.

Since its implementation in March 2020, Address 42 has been used 2.8 million times to stop people from entering the US. In several cases, the same person has been denied entry more than once.

However, children traveling alone were exempted. Moreover, according to reports, the rule has been applied unevenly according to the nationality of immigrants – in part because it is difficult to expel people to some countries, including Venezuela and Cuba.

Migrants walk through a barbed wire barrier into the United States after crossing the Rio Bravo from Matamoros, Mexico.

Who applied Title 42?

In March 2020, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued an order restricting immigration to the United States saying it was necessary to limit the spread of Covid-19.

In doing so, then-President Donald Trump authorized the implementation of Title 42 by Customs and Border Protection.

The Biden administration initially continued this policy. While many Democrats have pressured the president to repeal the rule, some have called for it to be maintained, saying the US is not ready for an increase in the number of asylum seekers.

Why did you end Title 42?

The Biden administration announced in January that it would end national emergencies related to the pandemic. It also meant the end of Title 42 being used to deal with immigration. This Thursday is the last day the rule must be used.

What changes for asylum seekers?

From Friday (12), asylum seekers will be interviewed by immigration officials. Those with a “real fear” of being persecuted in their home countries will be able to remain in the United States pending a final decision.

While some people are detained during the asylum process, the vast majority are released into the United States with notices to appear in immigration court or to report to immigration authorities.

What changes for immigrants?

Right now, the US government has to roll back an old rule, called Title 8, to deal with the influx of immigrants.

If immigrants don’t “eligible for asylum,” they can be deported based on Title 8, an immigration rule in use for decades that allows for deportation of anyone who enters the country without a visa or required documents, but doesn’t have anything to deal with health issues.

A US-Mexico Border Patrol agent organizes migrants near Tijuana, Mexico.

The administration will significantly expand the use of expedited border clearance starting Thursday, and for the first time in history, migrants from Cuba, Nicaragua, Haiti and Venezuela will be expelled back to Mexico, a US government official said on condition of anonymity. Based on Title 8.

Immigrants of other nationalities will be returned to their countries of origin with the legal support of agreements negotiated in the past year and a half.

In addition, the US government has stated that to increase their chances of being accepted into the country, immigrants must apply online and seek protection in a country they have passed through.

Migrants line up in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, near the US border – Photo: Christian Chavez/AP

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