At the Global Climate Summit, chaired by President Joe Biden, the United States and other countries have increased their goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
At the start of the two-day conference, which began on Earth Day, Biden announced his goal of reducing emissions by 50% to 52% in 2005, which was attended by nearly 40 leaders from 40 countries, including major emitters such as China and India. And Russia.
The United States, the second largest emitter after China, is seeking to regain global leadership in combating global warming after former President Donald Trump expelled the country from international efforts to reduce emissions.
“We have to make decisions to avoid the worst effects of the climate crisis this decade,” Biden told the White House.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has called the new US target a “game changer” and other countries have made new promises.
Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suka, who visited Biden at the White House this month, raised Japan’s goal of reducing emissions by 2030, up from 26% of the previous target. Environmentalists wanted at least 50% promise even though they were powerful Lobby The Japanese business community has come up with favorable policies for using coal as an energy source.
Meanwhile, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has reduced his country’s target of 30% by 40% to 45% by 2030.
President Jair Bolsanaro has announced his ambitious environmental goal to date, saying Brazil’s emissions will reach neutral by 2050, the previous target in 10 years.
British Greenpeace Climate Director Kate Blagozevic said the summit had more goals than an “archery competition.”
“Targets alone will not lead to reduced emissions,” he said. “We need policies and money for that. The world is still on track.”
Most countries do not provide new emission targets. Chinese President Xi Jinping has said that China expects its carbon emissions peak before 2030 and that the country will have zero net emissions by 2060.
Xi said China will gradually reduce its coal use between 2025 and 2030. China, a leader in the production of technology for renewable energy sources such as solar panels, for example, burns large quantities of coal for power generation.
Russian President Vladimir Putin has proposed giving priority to international investment in clean energy projects, but he has also openly stated that the United States has historically been the largest emitter of greenhouse gases.
“It is no secret that conditions that facilitate global warming are related to problems that came a long time ago,” Putin said.