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The July astronomical calendar contains one of the most important meteor showers of the year.

The July astronomical calendar contains one of the most important meteor showers of the year.

July is full of amazing astronomical events. The highlight is the Delta Aquaridas meteor shower, one of the most important events of the year. This month could finally see the launch of Ariane 6 and the dramatic return of the Starliner astronauts to Earth.

It should be noted that all dates and times mentioned are based on an observer based in Brasilia (DF) and may vary slightly according to each location.

Ephemeris for July

July 5: Avilio. On this day, the Earth is farther from the sun than at any other time of the year.

July 5: New Moon at 7:59 PM.

July 9: Ariane 6 should finally take off. Ariane 5’s successor is scheduled to launch from Europe’s spaceport in French Guiana.

Artistic representation of an Ariane 6 rocket launch. Source: European Space Agency

July 13: Crescent moon appears at 7:49 PM.

July 15: Mars-Uranus conjunction before dawn in the east in the constellation Taurus.

July 21: The full moon in July, known as the “Deer Moon,” arrives at 7:29 a.m.

July is the time when male deer grow their antlers, which is why this month’s full moon is “Deer Antlers.” These animals’ antlers go through an annual cycle of shedding and regeneration, becoming larger as they age.

Credit: Volodymyr Burdyak – Shutterstock

27 and July: Waning Moon at 11:54 PM.

July 30 and 31: The Alpha Capricorn meteor shower reaches its peak during these days. Known for producing slow (and rare) meteorites.

July 31: This is also the peak day for one of the most important meteor showers of the year: the Delta Aquarids.

The event is nothing more than the burning of ice and frozen gases with pieces of rock and dust embedded in comets. As the comet approaches the sun, the phenomenon of sublimation occurs and then the ice particles head towards the Earth and turn into gas as they enter here. This burning creates the effect we can imagine, about 25 meteors per hour.

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Meteor showers recorded in the Sierra Nevada, USA. Credit: Apipatanamongkul – Shutterstock

Later this month, but no date has been set

Starliner: The Boeing ship has finally taken off, but that doesn’t mean the series has come to an end. The two astronauts will return to Earth around June 12, a week after launch. However, a repatriation seems a long way off – it has been postponed three times so far. But they are expected to return in July.

Barry “Butch” Wilmore and Suni Williams are the astronauts on the first crewed flight of the Starliner spacecraft. Credit: NASA

Starship: The world’s largest rocket could take off again. After a perfect launch in June, SpaceX could put Starship in the air again, with Elon Musk aiming to launch his massive rocket at least five more times this year.