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(crédito: Fernando Frazão/Agência Brasil)

New archaeological excavations show the life of early modern humans

Published on 09/13/2022 17:49

(credit: Fernando Frazao/Agência Brasil)

Recent archaeological excavations carried out in Romania have provided some insights into the lifestyle and craftsmanship of the first modern humans in Europe, who lived about 40 thousand years ago. The results may provide insights into how it works sane man Adapted to the newly inhabited continent.

The artifacts discovered by the researchers indicate that they were geared toward producing chiseled chipped stone blades, which could be used for arrows or spears. In addition, it was also noted that sharpening stones were used to straighten wooden bars.

Microscopic analysis showed that most of the surfaces of the artifacts were unused, which may indicate that the site was used to make tools, and was later moved to another location. Geochemical evidence indicates that the artifacts were transported to places 300 kilometers away.

Fossils have also indicated changes in the livelihoods of Homo sapiens and Neanderthals. “Close contemporary fossils suggest that Homo sapiens and Neanderthals interbred, but we still don’t know what that means for the ways in which their mutual lifestyles changed and how we can see this in their archaeological remains,” said Jacobo Ginai of the Institut Archeology at the University of Cologne: “Early Neanderthals.”

Excavations were carried out in Românesti, in western Romania. The excavations were led by archaeologist Wei Zhou from the University of Cologne (Germany) and Leiden University (Netherlands), with a contribution from Jacopo Gennai from the University of Cologne (Germany) and the University of Pisa (Italy). The results of the study were published in Nature: Scientific Reports.

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