Since childhood Philip Silvera suffers from rhinitis. Common symptoms include a runny nose, irritation of the throat and nose, as well as sneezing. “When the crisis is very severe, the eyes feel very itchy and the irritation in the throat and nose is more severe,” says an information technology (IT) analyst, now 32.
In the past, Felipe recalls, illness increased as the season changed. “Recently, we have had sudden changes in temperature, which can attack at any time.”
Karen Castro, 25, a teacher who keeps regular visits to hospitals and doctors because of the rhinitis that has accompanied her since she was a child. In addition to the symptoms Philippi described, it adds headache and progression to sinusitis.
With the Covid-19 pandemic, fear of contracting the virus has increased to the already known situation. He says: “Whenever symptoms of rhinitis or a cold appear naturally, the sooner I am afraid of contracting the virus and not knowing.”
Karen, who was already cautious, doubled her attention. “I no longer touch the knobs or elevator buttons without washing my hands afterward. I use alcohol a lot to disinfect surfaces and hands, I stay away from other people and use a mask everywhere so I don’t endanger anyone’s health or me.”
Like Felipe, climate change is a time extremely sensitive to Karen. And both are visualized correctly: temperature fluctuations with moderate temperatures, especially at night, and low relative humidity – characteristics of autumn – exacerbate respiratory illnesses and allergies.
Similar symptoms, proven doubts
Rhinitis, bronchitis, and sinusitis are very common infections at this time of the year and are often confused with illnesses such as colds and asthma. To make matters worse, the Covid-19 virus also has symptoms similar to these diseases, such as cough, runny nose, fever and shortness of breath. And now: How do we know what is a “corona virus” and what is a corona virus?
“It is really complicated to differentiate symptoms and link them to a specific disease. When in doubt, the best thing is that all patients with respiratory symptoms for COVID-19 are tested precisely because of this difficulty,” says Jose Tado Collares Monteiro, Coordinator of the Scientific Committee Respiratory Diseases of the Brazilian Society of Lung Diseases and Tisiology. .
The expert says, however, that the most important thing is that people who already suffer from chronic respiratory diseases maintain their treatment continuously and without interruption. “Asthma patients, for example, need to take inhaled medications daily, maintain home care, and avoid contact with dust, dust and strong-smelling substances.”
In addition to preserving patients’ well-being, those who depend on ongoing treatment know how to behave in the acute stages of the disease. They already have rescue medication in case of a crisis. That way, in these times, they don’t need to ask for help in an emergency, “notes Monteiro.
Vaccination and prevention: powerful weapons
Influenza vaccination is an important ally of the population and it makes it so much easier when it comes to accurate diagnosis. “If we had a good proportion of the population who were vaccinated against influenza, we would have a decrease in circulation of this virus and fewer people with this condition, as a result.” Says Vladimir Kiroz, a consultant at the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases and a university professor, that people who suffer A typical symptom of two diseases – influenza and the Covid-19 virus – who have already been vaccinated against the former will be excluded from the disease, because they have already been immunized. At the Faculty of Science, Santos Medical Centers.
Queiroz recalls that, more than ever, people should beware of autumn diseases, because the way to prevent them is the same as for the new Corona virus. “Wearing masks, avoiding crowding, staying in well-ventilated environments, and constant hand hygiene are essential measures. All of these methods will help reduce influenza, colds and the Covid-19 virus itself.”
Check out some of the more common respiratory problems:
Crisis – Inflammation and obstruction of the airways. Its symptoms are coughing, shortness of breath, wheezing, and pain or tightness in the chest.
Bronchitis – bronchitis. It is characterized by a wet cough with abundant sputum secretion.
ache – Acute viral infection caused by the influenza virus, which particularly affects the respiratory system. Fever is the most common sign. The most common respiratory symptoms are a runny nose, hoarseness, and sore throat. In addition to fever, other frequent systemic symptoms are muscle pain, chills, malaise, apathy, fatigue, and headache.
the cold – A viral infection that affects the respiratory system. Cold symptoms are milder and last less than influenza – an average of four days. Symptoms include cough, nasal congestion, runny nose, body aches, mild fever, and mild sore throat.
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