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What is the Pacific Ring of Fire and its relationship to the earthquakes that struck Latin American countries | Sciences

  • Pacific Ring of Fire A large horseshoe-shaped region of 40,000 km that surrounds the Pacific Ocean (It also passes through the USA, Canada, Russia, Japan, Southeast Asia and Oceania).
  • The area is marked by The presence of earthquakes and volcanoes.
  • along the circuit No fewer than 450 active volcanoes and a high incidence of earthquakes 9 out of 10 earthquakes recorded in the world occur within it.
  • Earthquake risk is high Places above or near board boundaries.

The map outlines the Pacific Ring of Fire region – Image: Ciência/G1

This is the region of the largest seismic activity in the world. On average, seismographs pick up some kind of tremor in the ring of fire every five minutes.

According to the US Oceanic and Atmospheric Agency (NOAA), the Ring of Fire is the result of plate tectonics.

  • Six facts about the Pacific Ring of Fire

When plates move, they generate geological activity at their edges. They can move apart, but they can also touch each other (which leads to less intense orgasms) or come together.

Much of the volcanic activity occurs along subduction zones, when one tectonic plate slides under the other (and clumps together). The enormous pressure that the downward-moving plate is exerting on the magma in the Earth’s interior causes it to seek a path to the surface at the edge of the plate. This is how volcanoes are born.

A car destroyed by debris from the earthquake that struck the city of Cuenca, located more than 200 kilometers from the epicenter on the coast of Ecuador – Photo: Xavier Caivinagua / AP

Earthquakes in Latin America

The strongest tremors were observed in the coastal regions of Peru (magnitude 7.0) and Ecuador (magnitude 6.8).

The Peruvian National Seismological Center recorded a 7.0-magnitude earthquake at 12:12 p.m. (local time; 2:12 p.m. Brasilia time), with its epicenter in Tumbes, in the north of the country. In Ecuador, a 6.8-magnitude earthquake struck the country’s coast at 12:12 p.m. (local time; 2:12 p.m. Brasilia time). The epicenter was about 30 kilometers from Palau municipality, Guayas province.

The strongest earthquake in Argentina occurred in Mendoza (magnitude 5.0). In Chile, it was in Arica (magnitude 4.0), in the far north of the country. In Mexico, the record was about 150 kilometers from San Jose del Cabo (magnitude 4.3).

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