The World Health Organization (WHO) announced on Friday, 15, to closely monitor the appearance of unknown hepatitis cases in children. 74 have already been identified and are being investigated by the UK Health Care Agency (UKHSA) since January. The WHO does not recommend travel restrictions to countries with cases, and insists that finding the cause of the infection is a priority.
Viral hepatitis is an infection that affects the liver, most of the time they are silent. Symptoms may include fatigue, fever, malaise, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and jaundice.
According to the WHO, in the United Kingdom, laboratory tests have ruled out hepatitis A, B, C, D and E viruses. The picture of European children is a serious contagion. Many people have jaundice, which is sometimes caused by gastrointestinal symptoms, especially in children up to 10 years of age. Some patients had to be transferred to specialized pediatric liver units and six required transplant surgery. No deaths were reported until April 11.
Following the UK warning, Ireland and Spain registered confirmed and suspicious cases, according to the WHO. Authorities in these countries are investigating.
In the UK, many have been infected with the adenovirus (a family of common viruses that cause mild illness) or the virus that causes Covit-19, according to the WHO. Recently, there has been an increase in the activity of adenoviruses in the circulatory system in conjunction with SARS-CoV-2. Although they have been explored as possible causes, the role of these viruses in the pathogenesis (mechanism of pathogenesis) is not yet clear.
No other epidemiological risk factors have been identified, including recent international trips. The UKHSA has said it has nothing to do with the Govt vaccine – no confirmed cases have been reported.
“Regular hygiene practices, such as good hand washing and respiratory hygiene, help reduce the spread of many of the infections we investigate,” said Mira Chand, UKHSA’s Director of Clinical and Emerging Infections. He urged parents and guardians to watch out for hepatitis symptoms and contact the relevant health professionals.
According to the WHO, as cases have been on the rise in the UK since last month, in addition to an extensive search, further confirmations will occur before the pathology (cause) is identified. The organization encouraged countries to identify, investigate and report potential cases.
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