One month before the 26th United Nations Conference on Climate Change, the United States and the European Union (EU) reached an agreement to reduce methane emissions by 30% by 2030, compared to those released into the atmosphere in 2020. This information was obtained by the Reuters news agency.
Another measure taken after extensive pressure from the global scientific community emphasized the involvement of methane in global warming – a recent report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) stating that global warming is to blame.
According to Reuters, a preview of COP-26 will be held this weekend in Glasgow, Scotland’s most populous city, during a meeting of US and EU officials with major carbon-emitting economies. Its commitment to sustainability.
The United States and the European Union want to push for the addition of a goal to reduce methane emissions to the list of two dozen countries, including Brazil, China, Russia and India.
An excerpt from the document supporting the agreement, published by the news agency, states that “If methane has a short atmospheric life, then action now would reduce global warming rates rapidly.”
After the release of the long-awaited IPCC report in mid-August, experts predict that if methane emissions are reduced by 40% or 45% over the next decade, global warming could be reduced to 0.3 degrees by 2040. The Paris Agreement, the most relevant document in this regard, sets the goal of preventing it from exceeding 2 C by 2100 (preferably not more than 1.5 C).
Even during Govt epidemics, with locking and social isolation policies showing, in some cases, slight positive differences in the environment, greenhouse gas emissions grew by 2020. In the case of methane, even more worrying: the US Maritime Research Institute and the Atmospheric Administration have averaged 14.7 ppm (parts per part) in the atmosphere during this period, the largest annual increase since measurement began in 1983. In the case of carbon dioxide carbon, the increase is 2.6 ppm.
Plans to integrate the goal of reducing methane emissions will target key emission sources of gas: the oil and gas sectors, agricultural activities and land areas. Technological innovation will be a precursor to making cuts possible without weakening national economies.
The announcement of other goals already structured to mitigate the climate emergency and prepare the ground for COP-26 is coming. In April, during the US Climate Summit, US President Joe Biden announced a 50% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. He urged other world economies to accept similar responsibility.
In July, the European Union (EU) unveiled its ambitious package to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 55% by 2030, based on 1990 levels. , The increase in taxes on fossil fuels and the creation of additional taxes on the import of goods produced in defiance of environmental regulations – this became known as the “carbon limit”.
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