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The general chosen by Bolsonaro takes over Petrobras on Friday. Watch 5 challenges he will face

Ryo – O Administrative Board From Petrobras, Renewed at a shareholder meeting At the start of the week, it meets Friday in the final step of what the market saw as interference by President Jair Bolsonaro in the country’s largest state-owned company: the appointment of Reserve General Joachim Silva e Luna to head the company.

Luna, who has been elected as one of seven government representatives on the council – which has 11 seats – should be elected president of the state-owned company instead of Roberto Castillo Branco, Who was fired amid Bolsonaro’s dissatisfaction with the state’s fuel pricing policy. The executive was formally sacked on Monday.

fuel: Petrobras raises gasoline and diesel prices on the eve of the state-owned company’s leadership change

What Luna intends to do with the fuel price adjustment system to please the president and avoid losses to the company that displeases small shareholders is one of the main uncertainties in the market.

But there are other challenges for the general. Check out the top 5:

1 – New board

Petrobras President Roberto Castillo Branco, Photo: Marcos Ramos / Agência O Globo

With the resignation of Castillo Branco four of the eight directors Make their posts available. And the general has already indicated it You intend to recruit names internally To promote a smooth transition in the company.

He will need executives in the areas of exploration and production, production development, marketing, logistics, finance, and investor relations, among others.

Silva and Luna have also indicated that they want to End of the home office of the board. He himself is already sending in the headquarters of the state-owned company, in downtown Rio.

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2 – Pricing Policy

Fuel prices spurred Bolsonaro's intervention in Petrobras Photo: Custódio Coimbra / Agência O Globo
Fuel prices spurred Bolsonaro’s intervention in Petrobras Photo: Custódio Coimbra / Agência O Globo

Market experts and analysts expect fuel pricing policy to change.

Currently, the state-owned company tracks, with frequent adjustments, changes in oil prices on the international market and in the exchange rate. And so, since January, Gasoline accumulates at a high rate of about 40%; Diesel rose 30%Not counting the increase announced on Thursday.

The general challenge would be to change this policy without exposing the company to significant financial losses, which would displease small shareholders and penalize the company’s market value on the stock exchange.

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3 – Gas Market

Congress and President Jair Bolsonaro recently approved changes to the gas regulatory framework.Photo: André Valentim / Petrobras
Congress and President Jair Bolsonaro recently approved changes to the gas regulatory framework.Photo: André Valentim / Petrobras

When Petrobras announced the last 39% rise in the price of gas Aiming at distributors, President Jair Bolsonaro again criticized Petrobras’ pricing policy. He indicated that there may be changes.

Despite the passage of the new gas law through Congress, and the state-owned company signed an agreement with the Administrative Council for Economic Defense (Cade) to open space for competition in this sector, experts indicate that private companies cannot access passive spaces in gas pipelines, which can To lower prices.

Today, even with some Petrobras gas pipelines selling, the state-owned company has it Contract use of these networks With companies that bought these assets, negotiations with the National Petroleum Agency (ANP) are not progressing.

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4- Selling assets

Fluid catalytic cracking unit at Rlam, Petrobras Refinery in Bahia, on sale Photo: Juarez Cavalcanti / Agência O Globo
Fluid catalytic cracking unit at Rlam, Petrobras Refinery in Bahia, on sale Photo: Juarez Cavalcanti / Agência O Globo

Silva and Luna will face the challenge of maintaining the Business Sale program to reduce the company’s high indebtedness, but the plan faces strong opposition from the oil unions.

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At the end of March, Petrobras’ board of directors approved the sale Landolfo Alves Refinery (RLAM), In Bahia, for Mubadala, a United Arab Emirates investment fund. The fund will pay $ 1.65 billion per unit.

Now, the question is whether the new management will maintain the asset sale schedule as a way to reduce leverage. Today’s goal of the state-owned company is to drop between $ 25 billion and $ 35 billion by 2025.

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5- Investment after salt

A P-74 platform in the Buzios field in the Santos Basin before Salt Photo: Andre Ribeiro / Agência O Globo
A P-74 platform in the Buzios field in the Santos Basin before the salt Photo: Andre Ribeiro / Agência O Globo

There is an expectation that the new management of the company will again make investments beyond pre-salt, developing projects in different parts of Brazil.

The company is currently focusing on developing high-yielding pre-salt fields in the Santos Basin.

Over the next few years, Petrobras intends to make annual investments ranging between $ 10 billion and $ 12 billion.