A week until the date of the referendum on the new constitution Chile The streets of the country’s major cities became the scene of demonstrations. Residents are divided between support and rejection of the new text, amid a flurry of inaccurate news about the proposal.
Nearly 80% of Chileans voted to draft the new Magna law in 2020, a year later Violent protests against inequality The world’s leading copper-producing country shook.
In January, 56% of Chileans said they would vote for the new charter, compared to 33% who would vote against it, according to a Cadem poll. However, on the eve of the vote, support declined, and since April, the scenario has been reversed, with “No” over “Yes”. The latest survey shows that 46% oppose, 37% support and 17% are undecided.
According to Paulina Valenzuela, statistician and managing partner of public research firm Datavoz, misinformation about the document may be one of the factors that motivated Change in voting intentions in recent months.
“More than wrong, I would say half-truths were promoted about how to interpret the rules or articles of the text,” Valenzuela told the news agency. Reuters.
The proposal that will replace The current constitution inherited from The Dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet, written by a committee formed by members of a mostly progressive orientation. The text was completed in July, and seeks to implement important changes in social rights and environmental policies.
Allegations of the new Magna Carta withdrawing the right to private property and allowing abortion in the ninth month of pregnancy have spread across social media.
The referendum itself and the Chilean electoral agency Servil were targets of disinformation. Servel president Andres Tagle says this is the fifth election cycle the agency has taken a beating, adding that the attacks have been marked by increased severity and a cumulative effect on public trust.
Twitter and Facebook officials said they are actively working with the Chilean government and fact-checkers to help stop the spread of misinformation.
However, Twitter’s transparency report notes that the Chilean government requested information 19 times on 33 accounts in the second half of 2021 and that the company did not comply in any of these cases.
Meta says it has activated a rapid response team on Facebook and Instagram to identify violations, works with fact-checkers including Fast Check CL, and limits access to posts deemed misleading.
Inaccurate content about the new laws sparked protests across the country. Women’s marches were organized in defense of the articles of the new constitution Provides access to abortion and gender equality in public administration.
However, the performance by the activist group “Las Indetectables” included nudity and reference to abortion involving the Chilean flag in the port city Valparaiso is condemned to both opponents and supporters of the new constitutional text.
I just watched a video showing how the Chilean flag was passed by either party in a festive act in Valparaíso. I don’t want to post it, because you can see the kids. What a contradiction with this beautiful video of our national anthem on the sidelines # to reject. We are not wrong. https://t.co/XL8wm7uA0t
– Matthias Walker Prieto (@matiaswalkerp) August 28, 2022
“Just saw a video showing how they put the Chilean flag on a specific part (of the body) in favor of consent in Valparaíso,” the senator wrote on Twitter. Matthias Walker, who opposes the proposed constitution.
Students and indigenous people held rallies in support of a clause defining Chile as a multinational and multicultural nation and recognizing the sovereignty of indigenous nations, which corresponds to 12% of the population, but is not even mentioned in the current constitution.
But these articles related to the original You find Strong opposition in the south of the country where it is Violent conflicts between traditional peoples and landowners. Marches in the region reject proposals such as access to education in indigenous languages and indigenous justice, which would allow indigenous groups to maintain the legal systems associated with the ancestral traditions of each ethnic group.
However, there are intersections between the two parties that make the dispute more complex, and it is decided by 15 million voters on September 4.
There are differences from time to time Voters wanting to replace the old Magna Carta, with groups calling for some articles to be reformed after the new text was released.
A similar movement is also taking place in the opposite realm: a portion of those who should vote no are not against all clauses.
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