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So we drove 30 years ago

It is only at this time that one can only remember that the family moved second to the Opel Cadet, which was imported from Switzerland from the old thousand Siguli, but the era was even greater: the world was opened to Hungarian motorists, in which many ascetic and many ascetic. With a brief historical overview, we present the uniqueness of 1991 with semi-finished highways, imposed diesel, the Icarus crisis and cars sold for a crisp brand in Hungary – they are now soldiers.

At that time Colvin Square was painted, facing Keskemati Street, and in addition to the socialist types, some Western cars (VWD3, Mazda 323) also appeared. In the middle is a Volga 3102, which stands for “State Car”. Click on the image for the gallery!Source: Fordepan / Katalin Erde

As for the iconic vehicles of regime change, most will mention the GDR refugee trophies coming to the border opening. Yet a black Volga 3102 was the true symbol of freedom. On June 16, 1991, General Victor Silov Johoni passed through the border station, thus marking the end of the occupation of Hungary from 1944-45. Silov was none other than the last Soviet soldier, and three days before his departure, a train loaded with last tanks rolled on the tracks to the east. Only discarded bullets and other items were in memory here.

Bye-bye Sasha! It took several months for the Soviet troops to withdraw, and here they arrive by freight train with tanks from the Soviet Southern Army Corps.Source: Fortepan / Sold Sigetvari

The map of Central and Eastern Europe was redrawn

1989 can be seen as the beginning year of regime change, so ’91 can be said to be the last day for a number of reasons. At the time, the Mutual Economic Assistance Council (CMEA), the body of economic cooperation between socialist countries, was abolished, but the military body known as the Warsaw Pact, which was certainly considered Soviet-led and NATO, was eliminated. In both cases, the final documents were signed in Budapest, at least on the initiative of Joseph Andol, and there were other landmark moments in the diversion.

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The famous Ostapenko statue is still there, but there is also traffic in the introductory section of the M1-M7, the country’s first motorway. Reason: Taxi siege in October ’90. Today, the junction was rebuilt with UnderpassSource: Fordepan / Solden Sole

Although the statue of Ostapenko still stood in the exit section of M1-M7 for two more years, more and more communist statues were demolished, red stars removed one after the other (including from the top of the parliament), and crowned coats were placed on public buildings – often as simple stickers. They renamed the streets one after another, more precisely to the old name, although for a long time Napkublika, Kun Bela Utka and their colleagues were on the maps, which somewhat complicates the orientation of rural motorists. Some settlements also got new names, so Leninvaros in ’91 became Tissajvaros in ’91.

The renaming of the streets began in 1989 and the process took several years. Here the street named after the communist politician Frank Mennich got a new name, and later the statue was renamed Memento Park.Source: Fordepan / Philip Thibor

Meanwhile, there has been a tremendous change in the state structures of Central and Eastern Europe. The line was opened by the dissolution of the GTR and the reunification of Germany, which was followed by the partition of Yugoslavia with the partition of Slovenia, Croatia and Montenegro, culminating in the partition of Czechoslovakia in ’92. But the most important moment came with Gorbachev’s resignation on December 25, 1991, A few days later, the Soviet Union formally disintegrated and the Commonwealth of Independent States was formed, in which the Baltic states could no longer be forced. The famous Eastern Black has finally disappeared.

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At the forefront is an Opel Cadet D, which has been popular with us for a long time. The Berlin Wall was officially demolished in 1990, but the Brandenburg technical lock was only lifted in the late ’91s.Source: Fordepan / Thomas Urban

They replace the license plates, and Icarus is in trouble

The economic restructuring and the collapse of the eastern markets also determined the fate of the Hungarian automotive industry, of which Icarus was the only major player because the Comcon orders required Hungary to build buses instead of cars for decades. The company was privatized in ’91 and Icarus Germigiard Rt. Established, but there were major problems in the export markets, for example a major Soviet supply had to be halted last year due to accounting problems, and the technology that other post-socialist countries wanted in the West – so bus sales were high. They are as low as 25 to 30 percent.

Although the Icarus 200 series has been in production for twenty years (the picture shows the long-distance 250 version), production of both successor models was able to start slowly, proving to be dangerous in the long run. Finally, the factory closed in 2003Source: Icarus

He added that in the years before the regime change, they were reliable and cheap but outdated Icarus for 200s There was demand, so production of the modern long-distance 300 and urban 400 series could hardly rise – PKV only acquired the first large volume in ’92. At the supplier level, the bus company’s trembling situation began with an avalanche, mainly one of the losers being the Seychelles car factory. The long-loved house, on the other hand, picked up speed Car construction projects, For example, the modernized Tiger City mini and military locust SUV, but in any case can not talk about a happy ending.

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From today’s point of view, the Tigers in Hatmesawaserley may be considered a moped, but they did not have the expected success in the western markets. In 1991 the facelift and electric version came with 7.4 kW of powerSource: Gene Boros

Thirty years ago, according to CSO data, the Hungarian navy had 2,015,455 cars, more than ever seen in just five years after expanding by half a million. The possibilities of the two letters, already introduced during the first independent election, at the beginning of the Kodar era, are four From the license plate, Therefore, in August ’90, the new standard three letters, three-digit (long triangle) European standard sizes, are still in use today. Cars already on the market were mainly renamed after technical exams, so the initial letter series A, B and C ran out by 1992.

Introduced in 1958, the old one was replaced by three-letter, three-number license plates, and four-stroke drones were already on the market. EU stars have replaced the triangle since 2004, and early A-letter early identifiers like this are now rareSource: Orego

Bleaching expensive fuel and oil

At that time it was only 365 kilometers Network of domestic highways (Today 1715), nowhere to reach the border, M3 and M5 were very bad. Although the first phase of the M0 Ring Road was handed over, there was no money to continue the network, so the government began looking for investors for abandoned or planned construction. This was followed by a number of offers and mixed payments with Vignette segments and poisoned goalkeeper fees that were standardized even after the start of the Millennium, but segments completed in ’91 can still be used for free.

Construction of the last Socialist Expressway: The Teak Frenk Bridge between Heroes and Chesapeake is under construction. The first section of the M0 opened in the late 1990s, but the following year the name “Death Path” was added due to the lack of a definite separation between the two directions.Source: Forteban / UVATERV

In fact, the car public was interested in other things: inflation and rising petrol prices. Oil prices soared due to the Gulf War and stagnation due to Soviet transport was not a reserve.Therefore, in October 1990, the price of petrol increased by 65% ​​per liter to HUF 56-62. Only then (without political intervention) did the taxi siege erupt, paralyzing the country for several days and eventually ending with a price compensation deal. Then, in ’91, 49 Fords had to pay for petrol and 38 ford diesel, a really rapid price increase that only started in the following years.

Not only did the Afore wells get new clothes, MOL also built many new clothes, and of course the Western oil companies also came. Offer at that time: 91 Unlite, 92 Normal, 95 Unlot and 98 Super Petrol, and DieselSource: Museum of Hungarian Oil Industry

By, filling stations: MOL Rt. Created thirty years ago, when they started wearing new green and white clothes. Wells of the former Aphor, But many expect the illegal opportunity to refuel. Some Wardbergs, which still run in large numbers, ran on terribly smelly petrol, for example diesel, which was filled with cheap household fuel oil. The latter could only be sold painted red to avoid tax evasion, but artisans soon realized they were neutralized by acidification. That was when the long history of the oil bleaching mafia began.

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