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My company did not deposit the thirteenth salary;  What do I do?  |  work and job

My company did not deposit the thirteenth salary; What do I do? | work and job

Companies had until November 30 to deposit the first payment of the thirteenth salary for employees with an official contract. The second installment, in turn, is deposited into the workers’ account by December 20.

The first part represents half of the salary the employee receives. Those who requested an advance on their thirteenth vacation do not receive the first installment this month (as they have already received), but only the second installment.

It is up to the business owner to decide whether to pay in one or two installments. In the case of a one-time payment, payment must be made by November 30. Paying in one installment only in December is illegal.

An employee who has not received the first installment by the deadline can do the following:

  • Find the company’s human resources or finance department to notify the problem and collect the overdue deposit;
  • If there is no agreement, he can file a complaint via the STI website: https://denuncia.sit.trabalho.gov.br/. The worker must have access to the “gov.br” system, i.e. have a single login for the Federal Government. When entering the site, you must enter your CPF and password. There he has access to the employment complaint form;
  • Seek assistance from your class union to formalize the complaint;
  • Submit a complaint to the Public Ministry of Labor (MPT);
  • In the latter case, collect the amounts in a final labor lawsuit.

In addition, it is necessary to check whether the collective agreement of the class provides for the correct payment of the amount of the thirteenth arrears.

December payment basis

Payment of the thirteenth salary is based on the December salary, except in the case of employees receiving variable salaries, by commissions or percentages – in this case, the thirteenth salary should constitute the annual average of values.

Income tax and INSS contribution are levied on the thirteenth salary. Deductions occur in the second installment over the full amount of the thirteenth salary. FGTS is paid on the first and second installments.

The deadline for paying the first installment of the thirteenth salary ends on Tuesday (30th).

All employees of the public service and the private sector, urban or rural, independent and local, as well as retired and retired National Institute of Social Security (INSS) pensioners are entitled to the thirteenth salary – in the latter case, The installments are due in May and June.

The thirteenth salary is the birthday bonus and is stipulated in Law 4749/1965. Every worker who worked for 15 days or more during the year and was not fired for a good reason is entitled to a bonus.

Employees who have, for example, less than a year in the company, are entitled to a thirteenth salary proportional to the months worked for more than 15 days. For example, an employee who worked for six months and 15 days should receive 7/12 of his salary as the thirteenth degree.

workers who Their working hours have been reduced They must receive the full thirteenth grade, on the basis of December’s wage, without the effect of temporary reductions in hours and salary. Full payment is in effect even if, in December, the employee is receiving lower pay due to reduced working hours.

no case two Pending Contracts, the period during which the employee did not work will not be taken into account for the thirteenth day, unless he has worked for more than 15 days in a month. In this case, the month will be considered for payment of benefits.

Employees on sick leave receive the company’s thirteenth relative salary until the first 15 days of leave. From the 16th onwards, the responsibility for payment rests with INSS. Female employees on maternity leave also receive the thirteenth salary. This way, the employer will pay the full and/or proportional payment (when accepted during the year) of the thirteenth salary.

Temporary workers are entitled to receive the thirteenth salary in proportion to the months of work. The 13 domestic workers also receive.

An employee dismissed for good reason is not entitled to the thirteenth proportional salary. If you received your first installment in advance, the amount must be deducted from your salary balance or other termination payments.

In the case of an intern, since he is not subject to the CLT Act and is not considered an employee, the law regulating this type of work – 11.788/08 – does not require payment of the thirteenth salary.

Overtime and absence matter

Overtime and night hours are reflected in the thirteenth salary and must be included in the basis for calculating these amounts.

In the second payment of 13, in the payment of the other 50% of the salary, the average overtime is added.

For the calculation, the total overtime hours must be divided by the months worked in the year to arrive at the average monthly hours. Then the value of overtime is calculated by dividing the monthly working hours stipulated in the contract. Since the law states that an additional 50% must be paid to the amount of overtime, it is necessary to multiply this amount by 1.5.

Gratuities and commissions must also be included in the basis of the thirteenth salary account, as well as unhealthy and dangerous extras. On the other hand, daily travel only affects on the basis of the thirteenth day calculation if it exceeds 50% of the salary received by the employee.

An unexcused absence by the employee, which occurs between January 1 and December 31 of each year, will be considered deductible. If it is longer than 15 days in the same month, the employee will lose the right to 1/12 of the thirteenth salary.