Christ the Redeemer, who turns 90 this Tuesday (12), is a work in reinforced concrete Until today, The largest Art Deco statue in the world, With 38 meters (counting or substrate).
The technique and style appeared in the early twentieth century – when creating a construction site for Height 710 meters It was a huge challenge.
NS g 1 It now shows how the memorial was built, between 1926 and 1931, and answers questions about the project.
Art shows the stages of construction of Christ the Redeemer – Image: Diagrams: Elcio Horiuchi and Wagner Magalhães/g1
as decorative arts They were born in Europe in 1910 and gained expression in 1925, in Paris, through an international exhibition. Art Deco (read deco) creates a style not only architectural, but also artistic. She has influenced painting, cinema, fashion and design – like furniture, appliances, and even cars. It is more present in architecture.
The main features of Art Deco are:
- Use of geometric shapes
- abstract design
- Use of materials: ivory, jade and varnish
- Stylized straight and circular lines
- Animals and women are common themes.
a Central Brazil Another example of the style is in Rio de Janeiro.
Central do Brasil in Photo 2018 – Photo: Reproduction / TV Globo
What is reinforced concrete?
It is a technique that is used Props or molds for placing concrete. The frame consists of support beams, iron bars of different thicknesses and a metal mesh that gives the final shape. Also called blankets, they are a kind of “bed” where slurry is poured.
NoAnd Redeemer “hollow” like the building, with “floors” and “walls”.
The interior design of Christ the Redeemer has 13 floors – Photo: Marcos Serra Lima / g1
No. The entire structure is made of reinforced concrete, up to the pedestal.
Hundreds of Brazilian workers led:
- Hector da Silva Costa – engineer and architect, winner of the 1921 National Competition;
- Hector Levy – Head of business.
- Pedro Fernandez Viana Tax engineer.
Heitor da Silva Costa, the architect who created Christ the Redeemer – Photo: Reproduction/TV Globo
Under criticism from the church and academics, Silva Costa quit The project called Cristo da Bola NS I decided to keep Jesus with open arms. the painter Carlos Oswald He designed the idea, and Silva Costa chose the sculptor in Paris Maximilian Paul Landowski for the final image. Landowski was already a proponent of Art Deco.
How did Landowski build the Messiah?
the sculptor You never set foot in Rio – Neither during work nor after installation – it was in great demand. The solution found is to do 4 meter high plaster miniatures – Corcovado’s Christ would be nearly eight times larger, at 30 meters (without a pedestal) – and Working with Grids and Templates, who will go to Rio by ship.
Paul Landowski, sculptor of Christ – Image: Reproduction
It’s an ancient technology The pyramids of Egypt. It consists of gradient graphics that, when enlarged, still retain all the details of the project.
How was Christ a network?
Landowski and Silva Costa turned to Albert Kaku, engineer, to do all structural calculations. The first step for the French She was covering the miniature plaster with dozens of wires, as if connecting themFrom the feet to the arms, to the wrists. These wires were removed, and the outlines of each were transferred onto square sheets.
It’s the same logic for making a 3D plastic mold. 3D printers deposit filaments from bottom to top, level after level. So it was with Christ Landowski and Caquot, who sent these instructions In a scenario with dozens of stackable graphics.
What was made into the molds?
Since they were more elaborate parts, as Landowski did, On the hands and head in normal size. But they didn’t come to Rio in one piece. As each piece was about four meters long, the sculptor split it up and sent the parts in about 50 boxes, with regrouping the instructions for the “puzzle” here.
Study of the head of Christ the Redeemer, made in clay by the French sculptor Paul Landowski, preserved in the Historical Museum of the City of Rio de Janeiro – Photo: Gustavo Wanderlei / G1
How did the head and hand molds turn into a statue?
concrete It is not poured over the entire mold, as in fondue. In São Gonçalo, each section was submerged in a “basin” of thin mortar. When the mixture dried, the plaster was broken, and what was left Negative piece. Then, with the help of a grid, they pour strong concrete over this form. Again they waited for it to dry, to break the thin mortar. Ready: The finished part is back and ready to mount there.
How did matter reach the top of Corcovado?
Primarily by train. By the way, the railway is complete 137 years last Saturday (9). Water was pumped to finish the concrete from a source in the massif.
Is Christ stuck in the rock?
Sim. There are four beams installed at the top of the Corcovado, which served as the base for the base. The rock was dismantled with dynamite, and the structure corrected the unevenness at the top of the hill.
Christ the Redeemer Action Plan: Diagonals Strengthen Planks That Level Floors – Photo: Reproduction/TV Globo
How did the body of Christ rise?
A vertical block of reinforced concrete giving shape to the body of Jesus It is very similar to a building. In the case of the Redeemer they are 13 “floors”, composed of hollow plates. The “diagonals” between them help strengthen the structure.
How were the weapons built?
In another achievement at the time, thanks to Caquot accounts, Each arm is installed “cantilever” An engineering term referring to any part that extends beyond the facade of a building, without an apparent supporting structure. Marquis, for example, are cantilever structures.
Christ the Redeemer from behind – Photo: g1
How was Jesus wearing the jacket?
With the “building” structure already, workers installed Nets – or blankets – metalAccording to the wiring drawings, then the concrete was laid.
Why does Christ have soapstone?
a rock stone, or soapstone, is Highly resistant material that does not change color, does not retain heat, does not swell or shrink, resists acids and does not absorb rainwater. The idea came from Silva Costa, who cited works Allegadeno Made in the 18th century and stands today.
we chose Mosaic made of thousands of soapstone. The cutting was made by women who took turns in the parish church of Nossa Senhora da Gloria, in Largo do Machado. They were very thin triangular inserts of 3 mm thick and 4 cm sideways.
Alternate attendees at Largo do Machado too Paste the triangles on the cardboard, already formed a small mosaic, which was moved to cover the concrete of Christ.
Women making soapstone mosaic in a church in Largo do Machado – Photo: Reproduction / TV Globo
How many soapstone discs are there in Christ?
Estimate – know no less than a million.
Is there a soap stone inside?
No, just outside. But with one exception: the heart.
The Heart of Christ the Redeemer inside the statue – Photo: Reproduction/TV Globo
Why is there a heart inside?
was a request from Archbishop Cardinal Dom Sebastiao Lemy, who wanted to honor the Sacred Heart of Jesus. It is located on the 9th floor of the Christo Building, the same height as the outside floor.
Christ interior detail, on the seventh floor: diagonals in reinforced concrete help support the structure – photo: g1
How do you enter the statue?
There is no ladder from the base to the base of the picture. Either you use a piece of furniture, or resort to scaffolding.
How is the monument restored?
every year, Hit at least six rays of the image, cause damage. When there are holes in the concrete, a little clay is laid, then a mosaic mortar and soapstone is laid.
Periodically, the triangles of the stone are changed. Sometimes with the help of scaffolding, sometimes with the help of scaffolding.
The “crown of thorns” on Christ’s head is a bolt of lightning. The system spreads through the arms – photo: g1
SimAnd on the head and in the form of a crown and along the arms. The system has been enhanced for 90 years.
Is Christ safe there?
SimAnd Several studies are underway To assess the integrity of rebar and netting and the strength of concrete.
Details of the face and heart of Christ the Redeemer – Photo: g1
CHRIST THE REDEEMER – 90 years
“Music fanatic. Professional problem solver. Reader. Award-winning tv ninja.”