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Brazil tried to fight in court, but lost the territory to the United Kingdom

Brazil tried to fight in court, but lost the territory to the United Kingdom

In the historic conflict over the strategic territory of Brera, Brazil found itself at a disadvantage against the United Kingdom. With an area of ​​33 thousand square kilometers, an area equal to the state of Alacoas, it is important for access to the Caribbean Sea via the Essequibo River.

The dispute dates back to the 18th century, initiated by a treaty between Portugal and Spain in 1777. After independence, Breira remained under Brazilian control, but the British missionary presence in the 1830s reduced national influence by converting the local indigenous population to Christianity.

Years later, in 1904, the matter was taken to the International Court of Arbitration, with King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy acting as arbitrator. Despite Brazilian efforts, including a detailed presentation of documents and cartographic maps, the inquiry favored the British.

The ruling awarded the British 60% of the disputed territory, giving them strategic access to the Amazon basin. It was the only time in history that Brazil lost territory in an international clash.

This decision not only illustrates the enduring impact of British imperialism in South America, but also highlights the complexities of international relations that continue to shape regional geopolitics to this day. The resulting regional tensions still affect diplomatic relations between Brazil, the United Kingdom and other countries in the region.

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